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TokenGazer《一问到底》| 第48期:研究员 VS LINIX

TokenGazer《一问到底》| 第48期:研究员 VS LINIX

矩阵链(LINIX):

是去信任分类账,它跟踪、存储和确认交易和钱包地址,权力制衡证明(PoCB)用以维护平台的共识和安全。在矩阵链中,矿工和验证者共同控制共识。

01

TokenGazer Researcher Tiger:

There are many cryptocurrency projects using DAG, such as IOTA, NANO and MIXIN. How is LINIX different from them? Why do you call LINIX “The World’s First DAG Infused Blockchain”?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

LINIX is completely different from existing DAG based networks on the market currently. NANO and IOTA are all trying to use DAG as a replacement data structure for blockchain, LINIX isn’t. We want to use DAG in a way that’s more similar to a Layer 2 scalability and sharding solution, while still being anchored to a blockchain like structure through the use of State Matrices.

In other words, NANO and IOTA are not blockchains, and have issues with centralization and liveness, whereas LINIX is still a blockchain, but we will have a DAG layer on top of the blockchain.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 研究员 Tiger:

使用 DAG 的加密货币项目并不少,如 IOTA、NANO、MIXIN 等,LINIX 为何称自己“The World’s First DAG Infused Blockchain”呢?与它们有着怎样的不同呢?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链

LINIX 与目前市场上现有的基于 DAG 的网络完全不同,NANO、IOTA 都试图使用 DAG 作为区块链的替代数据结构,而 LINIX 则不然。我们希望以类似于 Layer 2 扩容分片的方式使用 DAG,同时通过使用 State Matrices 锚定到区块链结构。

换句话说,NANO、IOTA 不是区块链,并且存在中心化和活跃度的问题,而 LINIX 是带有 DAG 层的区块链

02

TokenGazer Researcher Tiger:

What is LINIX’s advantage and opportunity amid the competition of smart contract platforms? What do you think of the market?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

The current Smart Contract market is mainly dominated by Ethereum, and other chains that are similar to Ethereum. We don’t plan to directly compete with Layer 1 chains, but instead we want to integrate with all major Layer 1’s, we are currently in talks with top 10 public chains by market cap for potential partnership possibilities? We are also building our technology in a modular way and on architectures that will allow us to integrate easily with Ethereum 2.0 when that rolls out.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 研究员 Tiger:

现在市场上有诸多智能合约平台相互竞争,LINIX 团队对这个市场是如何判断的?LINIX 的优势和机会在哪里?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

目前的智能合约市场主要由以太坊和其他与以太坊相似的链主导。我们不打算直接与 Layer 1 的区块链竞争,而是与它们集成。我们目前正在与市值前十的公链沟通以寻求合作机会。我们还以模块化方式构建我们的技术,并采用能够轻松地与以太坊2.0集成的架构。

03

TokenGazer Researcher Tiger:

Usually a DAG transaction needs to be verified by subsequent transactions in a random way, which may result in certain transactions being unverified for a long time. How does LINIX solve this problem?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

LINIX doesn’t work the same way as existing DAG solutions such as IOTA, which requires centralized authority nodes to function, so it does not have the same problems. Transactions are confirmed nearly instantly upon submission to the DAG without needing to wait for later transactions. This is achieved by leverage the security of the anchoring blockchain, so the DAG component can be tuned for maximal scalability while maintaining decentralization.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 研究员 Tiger:

通常 DAG 的交易需要通过后续的交易来进行验证,并且新的交易在对历史交易验证时采用随机方式,这就可能出现某些交易长时间不被验证的情况。LINIX 选择 DAG 数据结构,是如何解决这一问题的?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

现有的 DAG 解决方案,例如 IOTA,需要中心化权威节点才能运行。LINIX 的运行方式不同,因此也不存在相同的问题。交易在提交给 DAG 后几乎能立即得到确认,无需等待后续交易。这是通过利用锚定区块链的安全性来实现的,因此可以调整 DAG 组件以获得最大的可扩展性,同时保持去中心化

04

TokenGazer Researcher Tiger:

According to the LINIX white paper, there are two roles, namely the miner and the witness in the PoCB mechanism. The miner proposes the State Matrix and the witness is in charge of voting verification. What kind of economic incentives does the LINIX system provide for miners? How do you decide which miner has the right to propose the State Matrix?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

Witnesses are basically just validators in POS consensus. They need to stake a certain amount of tokens to quality, then the selection will be random. Incentives are receiving staking rewards similar to how Ethereum 2.0 will work.

We will have a gas system that powers transactions and provide incentives for nodes to process transactions? No mining node will have any special rights. They can all mine State Matrices based on their view of the network, the one that’s valid and most complete will be accepted by the network through voting.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 研究员 Tiger:

根据 LINIX 白皮书的描述,在 LINIX PoCB 机制中,有矿工和证人两个角色,其中矿工负责提出 State Matrix,证人负责投票验证。请问 LINIX 系统为矿工提供怎样的经济激励?如何决定哪个矿工有提出 State Matrix 的权利?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

Witness 相当于 PoS 共识下的 Validator。Witness 候选人需要抵押一定数量的代币,并通过随机选举产生,并有抵押奖励作为激励(与以太坊2.0的机制类似)。

我们将有一个促进交易并为节点提供激励的 Gas 系统。挖矿节点不会有任何特殊权利,他们可以依据他们看到的网络状态来挖 State Matrices,网络会投票并接纳有效且最完整的 Matrice。

05

TokenGazer Researcher Tiger:

We’ve noticed that the ecosystem development of many existing public chains is unfavorable with a low usage rate of their functions. Without good ecosystem construction, high performance will be useless. What is the ecosystem layout for LINIX?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

Because of our modular architecture, we can partner with all major Layer 1’s to act as a layer in their ecosystem. So we can leverage their ecosystems, and do not need to build up a new ecosystem from scratch. ??By building on top of our system, dApp’s can enjoy a number of benefits, such as interoperability between multiple layer one’s, on top of the scaling and usability benefits from using our DAG layer. Our goal is to make it easier than ever to develop mass adoption ready decentralized apps that will work across multiple Layer 1’s.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 研究员 Tiger:

我们观察到在现有的很多公链的生态发展状况一般,表现为对性能的使用率很低,没有好的生态建设,高性能将无用武之地。LINIX 现在在生态上有怎样的布局或计划吗?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

因为我们采用模块化结构,所以能和所有主流的主网以及 Layer 1 项目合作,充当他们生态中的一层。因此我们可以利用他们现成的生态系统,而不用重新搭建新的生态系统。

搭建在我们系统上的 DApp 可以享受很多功能,如多个 Layer 1 之间的互操作,以及 LINIX 的 DAG 层的可扩展性和实用性。我们的目标是让开发人员更容易地搭建可以大规模且跨 Layer 1 平台使用的去中心化应用。

06

TokenGazer Researcher Tiger:

There are very few descriptions of economic systems in the LINIX white paper. According to your ONE PAGE, only 15% of the tokens are distributed to the ecosystem. Are these tokens enough for incentivizing miners and witnesses and expanding the ecosystem of LINIX?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

The tokens allocated tothe ecosystem are not the same as the ones used for mining and staking rewards.

After the testnet launches, we will beincubating a number of flagship dApp’s within our system that will showcase thecapabilities of our network, and we will host a series of hackathons to invitedevelopers to create applications on our network. Those tokens will beprimarily used for those purposes. 

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 研究员 Tiger:

LINIX 白皮书中对经济系统介绍很少,在你们的 ONE PAGE 中显示,只有 15% 的通证用作生态,这对于保障对矿工和证人的激励以及拓展 LINIX 的生态是足够的吗?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

分配给生态系统的代币其作用与用于挖矿和奖励抵押的代币不同。

在 Testnet 上线之后,我们将在系统中孵化一些旗舰 DApp 来展示网络功能。我们将举办一系列黑客马拉松邀请开发人员在我们的网络上创建应用程序。分配给生态系统的代币主要用于这些目的。

07

TokenGazer Researcher Tiger:

Why introduce the new programming language “Neuma”? Will it raise the threshold for developers and hinder ecosystem development?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

We have decided against developing a new Smart Contract language for precisely that reason. Instead, our technology will support Web Assembly, so any number of popular languages can compile into it. We want to make it easy for developers to build and deploy dApp’s that scale.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 研究员 Tiger:

为什么要引入名为“Neuma”的新编程语言,这样不会增加开发者进入的门槛、对生态发展产生阻碍吗?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

正是因为这个原因,我们已经决定不开发新的智能合约语言。我们的技术将支持 Web Assembly, 可以编译多种主流语言。我们的目标是让开发者更方便地开发和部署 DApp。

08

TokenGazer Community

“Transactions are confirmed nearly instantly upon submission to the DAG without needing to wait for later transactions.” Can you explain this in detail?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

Because the DAG is sharded in a way so that nodes do not need to have knowledge of the entire transaction graph to process transactions, or check for double spending or conflicting transactions. This allows the network to scale linearly, and transaction processing speed to remains constant.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 社区成员

“交易在提交给 DAG 后几乎能立即得到确认,无需等待后续交易”,能具体介绍是用怎样的方式实现的吗?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

因为 DAG 的分片方式使节点不需要了解整个交易就可以处理交易,或检查双花和冲突交易。这使网络可以线性扩展,并且交易处理速度保持不变。

09

TokenGazer Researcher Tiger:

How are you going with LINIX? According to the roadmap, LINUX will open source between Q1 and Q2 of 2019. Will the open source plan be implemented in accordance with the roadmap?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

We will open source a portion of our codebase at the end of Q2 to beginning of Q3, and invite code reviewers to review our technology. The full codebase will be open sourced around main net launch.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 研究员 Tiger:

目前 LINIX 开发进展如何?根据路线图将在 Q1~Q2 之间进行开源,近期会根据路线图如期执行开源的计划吗?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

我们将在 Q2 末到 Q3 初开源部分代码库,并邀请代码审核人员来审核我们的技术。整个代码库将在主网上线前后全部开源。

10

TokenGazer 社区成员:

项目之前进行了公开代币销售,销售的代币有锁仓吗?会不会对接下来的 IEO 有影响?

Noah ¦ LINIX :

没有锁仓,不会有影响。

11

TokenGazer Researcher L:

Is the transaction fee enough to incentivize miners?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

We will adjust the difficulty of the mining algorithm so that the rewards match up with the computing power needed. We are also planning to move to a pure PoS based system in the future.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 研究员 L:

对矿工的激励是交易费用,会不会激励不足?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

我们将调整挖矿算法的难度以使奖励与所需的算力相匹配。我们还计划在未来转向纯粹的基于 PoS 的系统。

12

TokenGazer Community

What’s LINIX’s biggest advantage over other projects?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

Our unique architecture and market fit that targets a maturing blockchain ecosystem, where more and more of the innovation will be coming from Layer 2 technology.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 社区成员

LINIX 项目相较于其他项目的核心竞争优势是什么?

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

我们独特的架构和市场定位瞄准了成熟的区块链生态系统,将会在 Layer 2 进行越来越多的创新。

13

TokenGazer Community

As a Layer 2 project, do you have any preference in early application development? Finance? Games?

Henry ¦ LINIX :

We are targeting microtransactions industry and blockchain games for our early flagship DApps, which can best leverage our network’s capabilities.

— — — — — — — — — — — —

TokenGazer 社区成员:

LINIX 作为 Layer 2 在早期应用上有什么倾向吗?比如金融、游戏……

Henry ¦ 矩阵链:

我们的早期旗舰 DApp 聚焦小额交易行业和区块链游戏,它们可以充分体现我们的网络功能。

下期预告

TokenGazer《一问到底》| 第48期:研究员 VS LINIX

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